Transportation Research & Injury Prevention Programme
Biomechanics and Impact Modeling


Subramanian, Hariharan S., Sudipto Mukherjee, Anoop Chawla, and Dietmar Göhlich 2014. Methodology for Estimation of Probable Location of VRU before Impact Using Data from Post‐crash Analysis. In IRCOBI Conference Proceedings; IRC-14-48, pp., 414-427..

Sankara Subramanian H, Chawla A, Mukherjee S, Goehlich D. 2014. Optimization study on multi-body vehicle-front model for pedestrian safety. The 16th International conference on Machine Design and Production (UMTIK 2014). Izmir, Turkey..

Yakkala, Viswanath, Suhail Ahmad, Puneet Mahajan, and PankajPankaj 2014. Static Analysis and Strength Reliability of Human Femur Bone. In American Society of Mechanical Engineering (ASME) 2014 12th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, pp. V001T03A008-V001T03A008...

Shishodia, B. S., Sanghi, S. and Mahajan, P. 2013. A comparative study of turbulence models performance for the study of air flow in helmets. 1st International Conference on Helmet Performance and Design, Imperial College, London,UK, 15 February 2013, HPD-2013-8..

Sharma, P., Chandel, P., Mangla, V., Mahajan, P. and Singh, M.2013. Effect of strain rate on constitutive behavior of AA-5052 H34. Key Engineering Materials, 535, 60-63...

Gupta, A., Rattan, S. S., and Mukherjee, S. 2013. Dynamic analysis of compliant based pseudo-rigid-body constant force slider crank mechanism using the environment like ansys. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research, Vol. 2 No. 3 pp 296-309..

Suhaib, M., and Mukherjee, S. 2013. Finger gaiting for rotation of sphere by multifingered robot hand.In Proceedings of Conference on Advances In Robotics, ACM. p 1-4..

Mukherjee, S., Zubair, M., Suthar, B., and Kansal, S. 2013. Closed loop autonomous calibration of tele-operation exoskeleton.In Proceedings of Conference on Advances In Robotics, ACM. P. 1-3..

Marathe Ratnakar, Chawla Anoop, Mukherjee Sudipto, Rajesh Malhotra. 2013. Spline approximations for modeling thoracic and lumbar spinal trajectories for sagittal plane movement in a FE-HBM.International Symposium on Human Modelling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering, May 12-14..

Sankarasubramanian H., Chawla A., Mukherjee S., Goehlich D. 2013. A method to compare and quantify threat to pedestrian using injury cost measure.IRCOBI Proceedings 2013, pp 896-910..

Mike W.J. Arun, Sudipto Mukherjee, Anoop Chawla, Girish Sharma, Parthiv Shah, Christophe Ageorges,2013. Characterization of human long bones using experiments, imaging and inverse finite element techniques. Short note IRCOBI Proceedings 2013, pp.133..

Teja, C. K., Chawla, A., & Mukherjee, S. 2013. Determining the strain rate dependence of cortical and cancellous bones of human tibia using a Split Hopkinson pressure bar. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 18(1), 11-18..

Jani, D., A.Chawla, S. Mukherjee, R.Khattri. 2012. DARSS: A Hybrid smoother for all hexahedral meshes. Engineering With Computers, Volume 28, Issue 2, P 179-188.

Jani, D.,A.Chawla, S. Mukherjee, R.Goyal, N.Vusirikala, S.Jayaraman. 2012. Repositioning Human Body FE Models – and a case study for the lower extremity model. Traffic Injury Prevention, DOI No. 10.1080/15389588. 2012.664669.

A Soni, A Chawla, S Mukherjee, R Malhotra, 2011. Effect of muscle contraction in high speed car-pedestrian impact - simulations for walking posture.  International Journal of Vehicle Safety, Vol 5, NO. 2, pp 101-116.

Soni A, Chawla A, Mukherjee S. 2011.Effect of impactor mass on the response of knee joint during finite element simulations. Int J of Vehicle Safety, Vol 5, No 2, 2011, pp 189-195.

Mike.W.J. Arun, AnoopChawla and Sudipto Mukherjee, 2011Predicting fracture initiation, propagation and diversion in long bones under impact using Drucker-Prager plastic model and damage modeling.  American society of biomechanics. August 2011.

Sudipto, Mukherjee, Anoop, Chawla, Saurabh, Hui, Debashish, Sahoo, Mike W. J. Arun, 2011. Dynamic properties of the shoulder complex bones. SAE. July 2011

Sankarasubramanian H, Mukherjee S, Chawla A, 2011.Optimization of vehicle front for safety of pedestrians. ESV 2011 paper no. 11-0422, pp 1-8.

Mukherjee S, Chawla A, Borouah S, Sahoo D, Arun W J A. 2011. Dynamic properties of the shoulder complex bones,ESV 2011, paper no. 11-428.

Mukherjee S, Chawla A, Marwah K, Grover L, Keishing J. 2011. Dynamic properties of human cancellous bones, ESV 2011, paper no. 11-0429, pp 1-4.


A Soni, A Chawla, S Mukherjee, R Malhotra. 2010,
Effect of muscle contraction on the lower limb response in low speed car pedestrian lateral impact - simulations for a walking pedestrian  International Journal of Crashworthiness, Vol 15, No 5, 2010 pp 543-551.

S Mukherjee, Chawla A, L Patel. 2010
, A road crash reconstruction technique, Institute of Engineers Journal, Vol 91, pp 3-8.

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mike.W.J. Arun 2010
, Predicting fractures in human bones under impact 6th World congress of biomechanics. Singapore, August 2010 pp 294.

Pinnoji PK, Mahajan P, Bourdet N, Deck C, Willinger R. 2010,
Impact dynamics of metal foam shells for motorcycle helmets: Experiments and numerical modeling, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 37 (3): 274-284..

Pinnoji PK, and Mahajan P. 2010, Analysis of impact-induced damage and delamination in the composite shell of a helmet, Materials and Design, Vol. 31, pp. 3716–3723.

Pinnoji PK and Mahajan P. 2009, Damage and Delamination Study in Composite Shells for a Motorcycle Helmet, 15th International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS15), Porto, Portugal.

Chawla A, Mukherjee S and Karthikeyan B. 2009,
Characterization of human passive muscles for impact loads using genetic algorithm and inverse finite element methods, Biomechanics and modelling in mechanobiology, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 67-76.

Soni A, Chawla A, Mukherjee S, Malhora R. 2009, Response of lower limb in full scale car-pedestrian low speed lateral impact- Influence of muscle contraction. International Journal of Crashworthiness, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp 339-348.

Soni A, Chawla A, Mukherjee S, Malhotra R. 2009, Response of tonic lower limb FE model in various real life car-pedestrian impact configurations – a parametric study for standing posture. Int. J. Vehicle Safety, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp 14-28.

Jani D, Chawla A, Mukherjee S, Goyal R, Nataraju V. 2009, Repositioning the Human Body Lower Extremity FE Model. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems, Volume 2 No 1, pp 1024-1030.

Hemant Warhatkar, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rajesh Malhotra. 2009, Experimental Study of Variation between Quasi-Static and Dynamic Load Deformation Properties of Medial Collateral Knee Ligaments”. SAE World Congress, Detriot, Paper 2009-01-0392 .

Dhaval Jani, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rahul Goyal, V Nataraju. 2009, Repositioning the Human Body Lower Extremity FE Model”. SAE World Congress, Detriot, Paper 2009-01-0922.

Anurag Soni, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rajesh Malhotra. 2009, Sensitivity Analysis of Muscle Parameters and Identification of Effective Muscles in Low Speed Lateral Impact”. SAE World Congress, Detriot,

Anurag Soni, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rajesh Malhotra. 2009,Effect Of Muscle Contraction In Low Speed Car-Pedestrian Impact – Simulations For Walking Posture”. I21st ESV, Stuttgart, Paper Number 09-0366-0.

Dhaval Jani, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rahul Goyal, V Nataraju. 2009, Human body FE model repositioning: a step towards posture Specific – human body models (PS-HBM). IRCOBI Conference Proceedings. International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, New York, pp. 327-340.

Anurag Soni, Anoop Chawla, Sudipto Mukherjee, Rajesh Malhotra. 2009, Effect of muscle contraction in high speed car pedestrian impact –Simulations for walking posture. IRCOBI Conference Proceedings. International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, New York, pp. 469-472.

A Chawla, S Mukherjee, H Warhatkar, and R Malhotra, 2009, Dynamic characterization of bovine medial Collateral ligaments. IRCOBI Conference Proceedings. International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, New York, pp. 237-250.

Chawla A, Mukherjee S and Iyer SK. 2008, Use of optimization to position dummies in crash simulations. Institute of Engineers Journal, Vol 89, pp 42-46.

Soni, A., Chawla, A. and Mukherjee, S. 2008,
Response of lower extremity in car-pedestrian impact-influence of muscle contraction. IRCOBI Conference Proceedings. International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, Zurich, pp. 469-472. Full Paper

Pinnoji, P.K., Bourdet, N. and Mahajan, P. 2008,
New motorcycle helmets with metal foam shell. IRCOBI Conference Proceedings. International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, Zurich, pp. 449-452. Full Paper

Pinnoji, P.K., and Mahajan, P. 2008,
Two wheeler helmets with ventilation and metal foam”. Defence Science Journal, 58(3), 302-311.

Pinnoji, P.K., Haider, Z. and Mahajan, P. 2008,
Design of Motorcycle helmets: Computational Fluid and Impact analysis. Int. J of Crashworthiness, 13(3), 265-278. Abstract

S. Mukherjee, A, Chawla, B. Karthikeyan and A. Soni. 2007,
Finite Element Crash Simulations of the Human Body: Passive and Active Muscle Modelling. Sadhna (special issue on Transportation Research - Safety and Sustainability), 32:4, 409-426. Full Paper

A.Chawla, S. Mukherjee. 2007, Motorcycle Safety Device Investigation: A Case Study on Airbags. Sadhna (special issue on Transportation Research - Safety and Sustainability), 32:4, 427-444. Full Paper

Praveen Kumar Pinnoji and Puneet Mahajan. 2007, Stress wave propagation in helmet-head impact. Proceedings of the Impact Mechanics and Plasticity (IMPLAST), The University Press, Bochum, Germany, 2007, 135-142.

Praveen Kumar Pinnoji and Puneet Mahajan. 2007, Finite Element Modelling of Helmeted Head Impact Under Frontal Loading. Sadhna (special issue on Transportation Research - Safety and Sustainability), 32:4, 445-458.Full Paper

S. Mukherjee, D. Mohan and T.R. Gawade. 2007, Three-Wheeled Scooter Taxi: A Safety Analysis. Sadhna (special issue on Transportation Research - Safety and Sustainability), 32:4, 459-478. Full Paper

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Nayak, A. and Mohan, D. 2007, Investigating the rollover propensity of a 15 seater mini bus. Int. J. Vehicle Safety, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, pp 1-19. Full Paper

A. Chawla, S. Mukherjee, R. Marathe, B. Karthikeyan. 2006, Determining strain rate dependence of human body soft tissues using a split hopkinson. in Proceedings International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, IRCOBI, Medrid, Spain. Full Paper

Praveen Kumar Pinnoji, Puneet Mahajan. 2006, Impact analysis of helmets for improved ventilation with deformable head model in Proceedings International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, IRCOBI, Medrid, Spain. Full Paper

Praveen Kumar Pinnoji, Puneet Mahajan. 2006, Dynamics of helmet and head impact – finite element modeling” in Second International Congress on Computational Mechanics and Simulation (ICCMS-2006), December 8th-10th, 2006, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India.

Balaraman, K., Mukherjee, S., Chawla, A. and Malhotra, R. 2006,
Inverse finite element characterization of soft tissues using impact experiments and taguchi methods. in Proceedings of SAE, Warren, USA.

Soni, A., Chawla, A. and Mukherjee, S.  2006, Effect of active muscle forces on the response of knee joint at low speed lateral impacts  In Proceeding of SAE World Congress & Exhibition, Detroit, USA.

Praveen Kumar Pinnoji and Mahajan, P.  2006, Finite Element Analysis of Helmet Impact Under Dynamic Loading  In Proceedings 8th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2-5 April, Durban.

Sanghi, S., Mahajan, P., Pinnoji, P.K., Jain, S. and Yadav, P.  2006, Analysis of Air Flow Inside the Helmet  In Proceedings 8th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, 2-5 April, Durban.

Mukherjee, S., Chawla A., Nayak, A. and Mohan, D. 2005,
Rollover crash analysis of the RTV using MADYMO  in Proceedings symposium on International Automotive Technology, SIAT 2005-SAE Conference pp. 701-709

Gawade, T.R., Mukherjee, S. and Mohan, D. 2005,
Six-degree-of-freedom Three-wheeled-vehicle Model Validation  Journal of the Automobile Engineering (Proceedings of the IMechE Part D), Vol 219 No. D4, pp. 485-498.  Full Paper

Gawade, T., Mukherjee, S. and Mohan, D. 2004, Wheel lift-off and ride comfort of Three-Wheeled vehicle over Bump.  Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India)- MC, 85, pp. 78-87.

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S. and Sharma A. 2004, Mesh Generation of Folded Airbags.  Computer Aided Design and Applications, 1:1-4, 269-276.

Gawade T., Mukherjee, S. and Mohan, D.  2004, Rollover Propensity of Three Wheeled Vehicles.  In Proceedings Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference, Ottawa.

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mohan, D. and Jain S.  2004, Validation of the Vertical Spine Model in THUMS.  In Proceedings Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference, Ottawa.

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mohan, D. and Jain S. 2004Validation of the Cervical Spine Model in THUMS  In Proceedings - Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference, Ottawa.


Rogers, N.M., Zellner, J.W., Chawla, A. and Nakatani, T.  2004, Methodologies for Motorcyclist Injury Prediction by Means of Computer Simulation.  In Proceedings of International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, IRCOBI, Austria.Full Paper

Mukherjee S., Mohan, D. and Gawade, T. 2004, Rollover stability of Three-Wheeled Vehicles.  In Proceedings of International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, IRCOBI, Austria.  Full Paper

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mohan, D. and Parihar, A. 2004, Validation of Lower Extremity Model in THUMS.  In Proceedings International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, IRCOBI, Austria.  Full Paper

Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mohan, D., Bose, D., Rawat, P., Sakurai, M., and Nakatani T, 2003, FE Simulations of Motorcycle - Car Frontal Crashes, Validation and Observations. In Proceedings 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). DOT HS 809 543 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington DC.  Full Paper


Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mohan, D., Singh, J. and Rizvi, N., 2003,Crash Simulations of Three Wheeled Scooter Taxi (TST).  n Proceedings 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV).  DOT HS 809 543 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington DC. Full Paper


Chawla, A., Mukherjee, S., Mumar, D., Nakatani T., and Ueno, M. 2003 Prediction of Crushing Behaviour of Honeycomb Structures  International Journal of Crashworthiness, 8, 81-88.


Mukherjee, S., Chawla, A., Mohan, D. and Metri, M.  2003bModelling of Body Parts Consisting of Bones as well as Soft Tissue: An Experimental and FE Study  In Proceedings - International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact IRCOBI, Bron, France. Full Paper

Adarsh Kumar, Dinesh Mohan, Rajesh Patel and Mathew Varghese, 2002, Development of Grain Threshers Based on Ergonomic Design Criteria, Applied Ergonomics, 33(5), pp. 503-508. Full Paper

S. Mukherjee, A. Chawla, D. Mohan, M. Singh, M. Sakurai and T. Nakatani, 2001, Preliminary Findings from Motor Cycle - Car Side Impact Simulations, JARI Research Journal.

T. Nakatani, M. Sakurai, Chawla A and Mukherjee S, 2001, Motorcycle-vehicle crash simulation construction of motorcycle model, JASME, September 21.

Dinesh Mohan, 2001, Traffic Safety and Thirty Years of Biomechanics Research: A Personal Adventure;, IRCOBI Proceedings, October 2001, pp. 1-12. Full Paper

S. Mukherjee, A. Chawla, D. Mohan, M. Singh, M. Sakurai and Y. Tamura. 2001, Motorcycle-Car Side Impact Simulation, IRCOBI Proceedings, October 2001, pp. 133-141. Full Paper

Mahajan, P. and Dutta, A. 1999, Adaptive Computation of Impact Force Under Low Velocity Impact, Computers and Structures , 70: 229-241. Full Paper

Mahajan, P., 1998, Contact Behaviour of an Orthotropic Laminated Beam Indented by a Rigid Cylinder, Composites Science and Technology , 58:505-513. Full Paper


Sharma, V., Mohan, D. and Chawla, A. 1998, Computer Simulation of Bus Rollover Crashes, Indian Journal of Transport Management , 135-142.


Chawla, A. and Sharma, V. 1998, Crash modeling of Indian Bus structure, Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on injury prevention and control , Amsterdam, Netherland, May1998.


Chawla, A., Sharma V. and Mohan, D. 1998,MADYMO as a Tool to Analyze India Specific Traffic Conditions, Proceedings 7th International MADYMO Users Conference , 106-112, TNO Crash-Safety Research Centre, Delft, The Netherlands, 1–4 June, 1998.


Chawla, A., Sharma, V., Mohan D. and Kaizer, J. 1998, Safer Truck Front Design for Pedestrian Impacts, Proceedings 1998 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact , Goteborg, Sweden, 16–18 September, 1998.

Chawla, A., Mohan D. and Sharma, V. 1998, Computer simulation of bus roll over crashes, Proceedings of IMECE-98 .

Dutta, A., Ramakrishnan C.V. and Mahajan, P. 1998,  Adaptive Finite Element Analysis of Structures Under Transient Dynamic Loading Using Modal Superposition, Proceedings Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Conference , 1998.

Mohan, D. and Chawla, A. 1997, Use of Computer Modeling Techniques to Optimize Safety of Country Specific Vehicles in Impact, Proceedings of the International Conference on New Frontiers in Biomedical Engineering , Tokyo, Japan, 1997. 

Mohan, D., Kajzer, J., Bawa-Bhalla K.S. and A. Chawla, 1997, Impact Modelling Studies for a Three-Wheeled Scooter Taxi, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29:2, 161-170. Abstract