TACKLING URBAN TRANSPORT
Operating Plan for Delhi
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI
5/9, UNDERHILL ROAD, DELHI - 110 054
Delhi should be a well-managed, clean and dynamic city serving its citizens as a model capital city.
To provide safe, eco-friendly, cost-effective and efficient modes of transportation through a well integrated multi-modal transport system.
The present transport system is characterized by road traffic congestion with declining ambient air quality accompanied by a rising trend in road accidents. The focus of all efforts need to be on reducing congestion, improving air quality by lower levels of vehicular pollution and enhancing road safety while improving amentities for commuters.
This situation is likely to worsen due to increasing population and economic growth. The population of Delhi is expected to grow from 138 lakh in 2001 to 230 lakh by year 2021. However the daily transport demand is expected to grow from 139 lakh in 2001 to 279 lakh passenger trips by the year 2021. To cater to this demand, the mass transport system will need to be augmented substantially and the road infrastructure, traffic management and associated amenities improved substantively.
There are several factors responsible for the prevailing road congestion, pollution and lack of road safety. The basic cause, however, is the imbalance in the modal mix of passenger traffic carried by various modes of transport. There is a preponderance of low capacity vehicles such as two wheelers and cars. This is induced by increasing inadequacy of mass transport to cater to travel demand both in quantity and quality.
With the objective of achieving a balanced modal mix and to discourage personalized transport, it is proposed to augment mass transport by massive investments accompanied by institutional improvements. The focus, therefore, will be on increasing mass transport options by providing adequate, accessible and affordable modes like buses, mini-buses, electric trolley buss complemented by a network of a rail based mass rapid transit systems like metro and commuter rail. Para transit modes like autos and taxis are envisaged to provide feeder services in designated areas catering to work and leisure trips. Non-motorized transport like bicycles and cycle rickshaws will be accommodated.
In order to strike the appropriate modal balance, an extensive mass transport system including a metro, commuter rail and buses will be required. Considering this, 245 km. Of a metro system network to cater to demand upto 2021 is being planned. Of this in Phase-I, 39 km is under implementation and 21 km. Is expected to be completed by 2005. In addition, Phase I of the commuter rail system called the Integrated Rail and Bus transit (IRBT) along three existing railway lines is also being taken up in partnership with neighbouring State Governments of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and the Government of India.
Even after a fully developed rail based Mass rapid Transit system has come into existence, the bus system will continue to play the role of the main mass transport system provider. The bus system is proposed to be augmented to 10000 CNG buses within a year on Stage Carriage to be supplemented with about 4000 CNG buses on chartered and premium services. Premium bus services will be introduced on selected routes. High Capacity Bus Systems on selected corridors of 100 km is planned. In addition, on 32km of selected corridors, Electric Trolley Buses will also be introduced in order to reduce congestion and pollution. A Light Rail transit for the walled city is being considered. In order to improve the bus system dedicated busways/lanes are being planned on designated road corridors.
Development of bus terminals is very important is very important for efficient operation of any bus system. Three directional Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBTs) have already been provided and two more are to be taken up at Dwarka & Narela. The services at the existing ISBTs at Kashmere Gate, Anand Vihar and Sarai Kale Khan will be further improved.
Intermediate Public Transport System (IPT)
IPT modes will continue to play an important role even in the future as feeder services to the main mass transport system and providing accessible movement in pre-designated areas. Therefore, steps are being taken to strengthen this system by proper regulation and discipline.
Controlling Vehicular Pollution
A number of additional measures will be taken to reduce vehicular pollution by providing CNG buses, strengthening the Pollution Under Control (PUC) system, introduction of strict Inspection and Certification Systems and promotion of advanced technologies. Special focus will be on safety certification and stringent inspection of all transport vehicles. A Safety council to set standards for vehicle safety and fitness is being set up shortly.
A number of flyovers, bridges and pedestrian subways are under construction and many more are being contemplated. In addition, existing roads are being widened and new roads constructed. The peripheral expressway and NH2 bypass are being taken up to siphon off inter-city traffic passing through Delhi.
Several low cost and quickly implementable transport system management (TSM) measures are being given a lot of importance in order to improve traffic flow. TSM plans are being prepared for various corridors and will be taken up for implementation.
Integration of all modes of transport is necessary to achieve the potential of each mode. Feeder systems to metro and commuter rail will be provided. Facilities for parking of personalised modes, autos and taxis are proposed at all stations. Time Table and fare integration for metro rail and buses are also contemplated.
Plan Outlays Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)
A large investment is required to finance the proposed urban transport system. For this, budgetary provision have been enhanced in the Tenth Plan (2002-07) of the Government of NCT of Delhi. The Financial outlays approved in the Tenth Plan for the Transport sector are:
(A) Transport Department
|S. No.||Items||(Rs in lakhs)|
|01.||Mass Rapid Tansit System||144141|
|02.||Delhi Transport corporation||61800|
|03.||Interstate Bus Terminals||6000|
|Sub Total (A)||293891|
(B) Other Agencies
|S. No.||Items||(Rs in lakhs)|
|01.||Road and Bridges (PWD)||187280|
|02.||Trans Yamuna Area Development Board||1500|
|Sub Total (B)||250780|
GRAND TOTAL (A) + (B) = 544671
The financial investments are proposed to be buttressed by institutional measures to ensure effective and efficient functioning of the transport system n an integrated manner. For this, it is proposed to set up an Integrated Metropolitan Transport Authority (IMTA) which will look after regulatory issues like fares and tariffs as well as provisioning and common functions/services for metro, rail and bus systems. Until IMTA is formed, a Delhi Transport Planning Group (DTPG) to be chaired bye the Chief Minister may be set up. To provide technical and logistic support to the DTOG and then IMTA, a Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning cell will be set up which will function under the aegis of the Transport Department but will draw expertise from PWD, MCD, NDMC and the Traffic Police to ensure coordination and the Traffic Police to ensure coordination and implementation.
Amenities for Commuters
In order to make the transport system user-friendly, many amenities for commuters are being introduced. Some of these are Help Line for bus, taxi and auto rickshaw passengers, a Unified Bus Time Table, route guide maps / folders, directory of chartered bus services, fare charts from point to point, more prepaid taxi/auto rickshaw booths and improved bus terminal designs and enhanced service standards at Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBTs) etc. Wherever feasible the needs of special groups like the physically challenged and senior citizens as well as economically weaker sections will be accommodated by encouraging user friendly technologies for access and seating as well as concessional passes on mass transport. Training programmes are also being planned for drivers of buses, mini buses and autos to make them responsive and helpful to commuters.
The various tasks and time frame for the operating plan for the Transport Department and Inter Agency Coordination to be implemented in 6 months, 6-12months and 1-5 years are given overleaf.
A. TASKS FOR TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT
|Within 6 months|
|1||Complaint Redressal System for Bus, Autos and Taxis & IPT Operations||Operations/Enforcement|
|2||Rationalization of Bus routes||STA|
|3||Unified time Table for Bus System||STA|
|4||Publication of user friendly bus route time tables and bus route networks||STA|
|5||Publication of certified fares between various points||STA|
|6||Installation of Standardised fare meters for auto rickshaws and taxis||Autorickshaws Unit, Burari and Controller of W&M|
|7||Increase in number of Pre-paid booths for auto & taxis||Autorickshaw Unit|
|8||Comprehensive Training to Drivers & Conductors of School Buses||Operations|
|9||Improvement in Design of School Buses||Vehicles Inspection Unit|
|10||Stringent testing mechanisms for checking road worthiness of school buses||Vehicles Inspection Unit|
|11||Public awareness programmes on road safety & school buses||Planning/Safe School bus Cell|
|12||Authorising driving training schools to issue Learner's licenses||Operations|
|13||Stringent testing mechanisms for driving skills & obtaining Driving Licences||Operations|
|14||Upgradation of private driving training schools with well structured courses||Operations|
|15||Public awareness programmes on Vehicular Pollution - Causes, Effects & Solutions||Pollution Control Division|
|16||Bus Priority lanes for selected corridors||STA/DTC|
|17||Introduction of premium bus services||DTA/DTC|
|18||New Colour Scheme for CNG buses||STA|
|19||Modernization of bus-Q-Shelters||STA/DTC|
|20||Restructuring DTC-finalization of proposals||STA/Sectt.|
|21||Private sector participation in city bus services - Inviting Expressions of Interest||STA|
|22||Time table integration of Metro and buses||MRTS/STA|
|23||Preparatory works for Phase II of Metro including commissioning Detailed Project Report.||MRTS|
|24||Training CNG filling personnel / Transport Department officials||Pollution Control Division (PCD)|
|25||Odouring of CNG & Installation of gas leak detectors||Pollution Control Division|
|26||CNG cylinder recertification facility||Pollution control Division|
|27||Setting up Safety Council of Vehicle fitness and safety||Secretary (Tpt)|
|28||Upgradation of I&M Centre, Burari||VIU/PCD|
|29||Modernization of Zonal Offices||Operations|
|30||Citizens Charter - Finalization and implementation||Secretary (Tpt)|
|31||Setting up of Delhi Transport Planning Grout (DTPG)||Secretariat Branch|
|32||Setting up of Integrated Metropolitan Transport authority (IMTA)||Secretariat Branch|
|33||Examine the legislative proposal by GNCTD for Metro Rail Operations and Maintenance||Secretary (MRTS)|
|34||High Capacity Bus System for five selected corridors||STA|
|35||Introduction of Electric Trolley Buses on two selected corridors||STA|
|36||Implementation of Bus Lanes/Bus Only Roads - finalization of proposals||STA|
|37||Enforcement to discourage use of private cars as taxi||Operation/Enf.|
|38||Bus Terminal development (both ISBT and city)||GM (ISBT)|
|39||Computerisation & Modernisation of PUC centers||PCD|
|40||Modernisation of Pollution Monitoring Equipment and checking Systems||PCD|
|41||Setting up I & M Centres at Bawana by DTC||STA/VIU|
|42||LRT/Tram system for Walled city - feasibility study||Planning/Sectt|
|43||Legislation for IMTA||Secretariat|
|44||Restrict areas of operation of autos on feeder routes||AR Unit|
|45||Implementation of high capacity bus System Corridors (100 km)||STA|
|46||Implementation of ETB on two corridors (32 km)||STA|
|47||Implementation of LRT/Tram system for walled city||Panning/Sectt|
|48||Feeder Bus Route Network for Metro - Phase-I||STA/MRTS|
|49||Completion of Ph-1 Metro network (60 km)||MRTS/DMRC|
|50||Completion of Ph-1 IRBT/Commuter rail cum Bus network (57 Km)||MRTS|
|51||Completion of preparatory works for Phase-II Metro Network||MRTS|
|52||Implementation of restructuring plan for DTC||STA/DTC|
|53||Implementation of private sector participation in city buses||STA|
|54||Completion of Dwarka and Narela ISBT||GM, ISBT|
|55||Commissioning of Metro Phase-II on approval of partner Governments i.e. GOI & GNCTD||MRTS|
B. INTER - AGENCY COORDINATION
|S.No.||TASK||RESPONSIBLE AGENCY (IES)|
|Within 6 months|
|1||Parking facilities at MCD, NDMC, DVB, DJB Offices||MCD/NDMC/Respective Offices|
|2||Parking facilities for Buses, Autos, Taxis and Slow Modes||MCD/NDMC/DDA|
|3||Planning for multi-storeyed parking facilities||MCD/NDMC|
|4||Rationalization of parking charges W.R.T. parking duration, area, mode||MCD/NDMC/DDA|
|5||Removal of encroachment from footpaths & provide more footpaths||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|6||Improvement in Traffic Signaling Systems||MCD/NDMC/Traffic Police/PWD|
|7||Enforcement of Road Discipline||Traffic Police/Transport Deptt.|
|8||Education and Awareness of Road Safety||Traffic Police|
|9||Increase in number of Pre-paid booths for autos & taxis||Traffic Police|
|10||Strengthening of Complaint Redressal System||Traffic Police|
|11||Road Widening (A continuous exercise)||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|12||Correction of signages at flyovers and junctions and Rectification of defects in flyover design||PWD/MCD/NDMC/DTTDC/DDA/CRRI|
|13||Implementation of Bus Lanes/bus Only Roads||MCD/NDMC/PWD/Traffic Police|
|14||Splitting of bus stops||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|15||Construction of Multi-Storeyed parking facilities||MCD/NDMC|
|16||Construction of Cycle tracks on two selected corridors||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|17||Construction of flyovers/bridges/pedestrian subways||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|18||Road widening and strengthening (a continuous exercise)||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|19||Implementation of TSM plans on selected corridors||PWD/Traffic Police|
|20||Management of Auto/Taxi Parking under Bhagidari||RWAs/MTAs|
|21||Setting up of Traffic Management Authority||Police/Transport Deptt.|
|22||Creation of Traffic Engineering Cell||Traffic Police|
|23||Completion of multi-storeyed parking facilities||MCD/NDMC|
|24||Completion of Cycle tracks on selected corridors||MCD/NDMC/PWD|
|25||Implementation of TSM measures for selected corridors||PWD/Traffic Police|