Research Project

Review of Effectiveness of road safety interventions in South-EastAsia Region: An evidence and gap map for intervention priorities

Geetam Tiwari

Project Details


Background:

Motorized road transport poses substantial risks to human health unless steps are taken to actively manage safety (WHO 2018). Road traffic injuries (RTI) have emerged as a leading cause of health loss in all countries around the world (WHO 2018). In low-and middle-income countries, traffic injuries have been steadily rising, and now rank in the top ten causes of death (Peden et al. 2004, Third Globa Ministerial Conference on Road Safety 2020, United Nations 2017).
Over fifty percent of the victims are pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists and RTI has become the leading cause of death for young adults in most countries. While most high-income countries (HIC) have well established road safety policies, many low and middle-income countries (LMICs) specifically in SEA Region are in the process of establishing national regulatory agencies and sustainable funding streams to support large scale interventions that systematically address risk behaviours and the safety characteristics of vehicle and road infrastructure (Shalla and Gleason 2020).
Roads and highways in most of the SEA Region Member States are being designed to safety precautions of high-income countries where the traffic mix and land use patterns are very different.
Impact of current road standards prevalent in Member States of SEA Region have not been reviewed systematically to understand their effectiveness. The current practice is without an adequate understanding of the evidence base of existing standards. Many systematic reviews also point out the fact that evidence for road safety interventions may be available for high-income countries (HICs), but the same is lacking from low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Roberts and Kwan 2003, Mulvaney et al. 2015) (Roberts et. al. 2003; Mulvaney et. al. 2015).
Therefore, there is a need to compile and review the existing studies on road safety interventions and their effectiveness. A careful review of effectiveness of interventions can guide the policy makers for prioritizing interventions. The focus of the study is to map out the effectiveness of road safety interventions in SEAR Member States and make recommendations.

Terms of Reference:
• Examine data available from all the Member States of SEA Region and all published reports to understand the safety issues
• Develop an evidence and gap map of literature associated with road safety interventions and their effectiveness in Member States of the SEA Region.
• Develop road safety intervention priorities for Member States of SEA Region, selection of evidence-based interventions, and directions for implementation priority and final recommendations.

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